Can ECE Student Become Software Engineer?

Engineering involves design of products and systems using scientific principles and mathematical theorems. In engineering Scientific principles and mathematical theorems are  used to give explanations about how things work and form the basis of scientific discoveries.

Engineering outcomes encourage learners to learn in detail about science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Students of engineering are called engineers and they study how to evaluate, modify and conduct test using scientific principles.

Electronic and Communication enginnering deals with the study of electronic devices. Electronics and Communication engineers study the design,  manufacturing and construction of electronic devices. These engineers monitor and inspect electronic devices.

A Computer Engineering deals with the manufacturing and design of computer electronic components, building and maintaining of computer networks and manufacturing of computer network devices. Computer engineering is also responsible for developing software required to use computer hardware and computer networks.

Electronics and Communication Engineering and  Computer Science Engineering have significant overlap. 

Electronic and Communication Engineering

Electronic and Communication Engineering (ECE) deals with the manufacturing of electronic equipment to be used in a wide variety of systems. Electronic and communication engineering deals with communication networks and broadcasting signals. 

The branch of engineering deals with the electronics of microprocessors, solid state devices and communication using analog and digital communication. It also enables engineers to develop integrated circuits to be used in electronic devices. Electronic and communication engineering deals with the research in the field of satellite communication. This branch of engineering provides detail study of concepts and principles required to establish communication between two devices and exchange messages between them by providing detailed study of antenna and wave propagation.

Electronic and Communication and Engineering deals with robotics. Robotics is a field that also involves Computer Science and Engineering. Robots are used to enable humans to do their work easily. Thus robots must understand human commands and these human commands deal with the field of Computer Science.

Signal is the subfield of electronic and communication engineering. Signals can be analog or digital both. Analog or Digital signals are computer networks. In addition to this electronic and communication engineers deal with the error detection and correction of digital signals.

Communication between two systems is performed using co-axial cables, optical fiber or free space. Electronic and communication engineering provide methods that deal with the concepts and principles used to communicate over coaxial cables, optical cables and free space. These methods are used in the files of Computer networks. To establish connection between two devices so that they communicate with each other requires use of established methods and engineering techniques. These methods and techniques use carrier wave and carrier frequency for making transmission and this method is known as modulation. Modulation techniques are the result of intensive research in the field of  modulation. Amplitude modulation and frequency modulation are two techniques which are intensively used to make communication between two devices. These techniques are also used in the field of Computer Science.

Modulation and demodulation techniques are developed in the field of Electronic and Communication engineering but are widely used in the field of Computer Science engineering. Pulse-Code modulation, differential pulse-code modulation and delta modulation techniques are used in the field of computer networks but founded and developed in the field of Electronic and Communication Network.

Computer Science Engineering

Computer science engineering has methods and principles used to develop and manufacture computer systems and its peripheral devices. Computer science engineering has its root in electronic engineering. Computer science engineers work in the domain of software design so that it works with computer hardware. Computer engineer and Computer Software work in the direction to develop computer hardware such as microcontroller, microprocessor and circuit design and its computer softwares. 

Microcontrollers, VLSI chips, analog sensors, circuit boards, microcontrollers are all hardware components; these components are controlled by software and firmware developed by software enginners. Microcontrollers, VLSI chips, analog sensors, circuit boards, and microcontrollers are electronic devices developed in the field of Electronic and Communication Engineering.

Robotic research is the field of electronic and communication engineering but firmware to control robots are developed in the field of Computer Science Engineering.

Computer Science Engineering deals with mathematics, physics, electrical and electronics. Computer hardware engineers develop computer systems and its peripheral devices such as circuit boards, computer network routers, computer system  processors and computer system devices. Computer hardware engineers also study electronic and communication theory as it is used to develop circuit boards and computer network devices. Software required to interact with these devices is developed by software engineers.

Computer hardware engineers also develop devices to be used in the field of medical and these devices need to be connected to the internet to establish connection with other devices and have communication with them. Devices manufactured for the field of medical is a Sub-field of Electronic and Communication Engineering.

In computer science engineering processors are designed. Processors are an electronic device consisting of arithmetic logic units, pipelines, control units, and have memory components such as registers, clock circuits and logic gates. Since processors are electronic devices there manufacturing and there working is decided by principles and concepts of electronic and telecommunication enginnering.

Multi-antenna systems, optical transmission and wireless communications are all technologies in the field of computer networks. These technologies are developed by Electronic and Communication Engineers. Communication using these technologies is done by passing messages between communicating devices. These messages are passed over the computer network thus they must be encoded. The encoding mechanism is developed in the field of electronics and telecommunication networks. Error detection and correction used in the message encoding mechanism is also a subfield of Electronic and Communication Engineering.

Computer engineers are working in the domain of Computer Vision and Robotics. Computer Vision and Robotics works on sensing technology. Robots sense the environment and perform their operation accordingly, software that directs Robots are developed in the field of Computer Science and these software are developed for circuits manufactured using the concepts and principles of Electronics and Communication Engineering.

Skills Required for an ECE to become software engineer 

Following are the skills required to become an electronic and communication engineer:

  • Teamwork: Teamwork is coordinated group work to complete a task in an effective and efficient way. Teamwork is done to achieve a common goal. To do effective teamwork, team size is important. Size of the Team depends on the context of the work.
  • Focusing on details: Focusing on details is required to do innovative research in the field of electronic and communication engineering. By focusing on details accuracy in conducting tasks is achieved. Focusing on minute details helps electronic and communication engineers to enhance productivity. It also reduces chances of errors.
  • Research Skills: Research skills are required to build solutions to problems having scientific and mathematical proofs. Using research skills researchers analyze information and interpret it to build solutions.
  • Strong IT skills: IT skills are required to do technical work, development work and maintenance of developed work. IT skills deals with hardware installment, software development and troubleshooting of developed software.
  • A methodical thinking: Methodical thinking deals with systematic, logical and strategic thinking. It is required to attain desired objectives within a defined time period. Methodical thinking avoids careless mistakes. Methodical thinking is deliberate and systematic and ordered.
  • Time management: Time management is required for planning and organizing activities to throughput. It increases efficiency. Time management is done when activities are prioritized on the basis of planning to attain objectives.
  • Interpersonal skills: Interpersonal skills are required to have meaningful communication with people. It is behavioral science having well-defined techniques to have meaningful communication with others.